HYGEIA Hospital
ΛΗΤΩ Μαιευτικό, Γυναικολογικό & Χειρουργικό Κέντρο
HYGEIA Hospital Tirana
Y-Logimed Α.Ε.
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General Ultrasounds

  • General Ultrasounds

Ultrasounds are considered one of the most reliable diagnostic methods in current medical practice. The main advantages of this method are that it is safe, painless and fast and, more importantly, it does not use radiation, as opposed to other imaging techniques. Furthermore, it is neither a risky nor an expensive diagnostic method.

Currently, the latest generation devices generate images with high definition and analysis and, consequently, it is possible to diagnose a multitude of medical conditions. Ultrasounds are also used for assessing organs and blood vessels, which was not possible in the past.

The tests are exclusively performed by diagnostic radiologists who have specialized in ultrasound technology.

There are five U/S devices in the department. Specifically:
  • 2 GENERAL ELECTRIC LOGIC E9 high-definition devices, capable of 3D and 4D visual representation
  • 1 HITACHI PREIUS device

The elastography technique may be implemented in all the devices.

The Department is also equipped with a portable GENERAL ELECTRIC LOGIC E U/S device, to serve inpatients.

Innovative Fusion Imaging System (Fusion Imaging)

The innovative fusion imaging system, offering superior quality healthcare services for prostate cancer. The method combines the functionality and ease of ultrasounds with the objective accuracy of transverse imaging methods (CT & MRI).

Specifically, it introduces images from a previous multiparametric prostate MRI scan to a specially equipped and designed ultrasound device. With the use of a special electronic navigation system, the inserted images are accurately linked to the real-time images during the ultrasound exam.

This way, doctors can better assess the diagnostic data, since both the ultrasound frame and the corresponding MRI frame depicting the same anatomical position are displayed next to each other on the screen.

This method also provides the option of placing the needle accurately and safely during ultrasound-guided prostate biopsies, given that the corresponding MRI image provides additional guidance.

Press release

Upper Abdominal U/S:

It is a test that includes the liver, pancreas, gallbladder, kidneys and spleen, while it also examines the aorta, paraaortic space and the anatomical area of the adrenal glands. It may be used to assist in the diagnosis of conditions such as abdominal pain, possible gallbladder or kidney stones, possible lesions in the aforementioned organs, aortic aneurysm, etc. The exam requires very simple preparation.

Pelvic U/S (lower abdomen): 

For women, it includes the uterus, ovaries and urinary bladder. It may be used to investigate symptoms such as pelvic pain, uterine bleeding and menstrual disorders. In men, the exam includes the urinary bladder, seminal vesicles and prostate, while the urine residue after urination is also examined. The most frequent application is assessment of prostate and specifically benign prostatic hypertrophy, a very common condition in men over 50. Additionally, if pain is experienced in the right iliac fossa, the exam assists in reliably assessing the appendicitis, while it can also be used to easily diagnose intestinal inflammations, such as acute diverticulitis. The exam requires very simple preparation.

Transvaginal U/S:

This exam assists in the detailed assessment of the uterus and ovaries transvaginally, much better than an abdominal U/S. The most common applications include assessment of the endometrium (especially for the detection of possible polyps), diagnosis and monitoring of uterine fibromyomas, and diagnosis of possible malignancies, especially in women experiencing uterine bleeding. No preparation is required and the urinary bladder must be empty prior to the exam.

Transanal prostate U/S:

It mainly aims at detecting malignancy or inflammation of the gland. It is a technique that requires special preparation (preparation instructions). It may also be used to perform prostate biopsies in patients where there is suspicion of prostate malignancy.

Thyroid U/S:

It is an exam used to assess the thyroid gland, especially in individuals who suffer from hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. It is most typically applied to detect and assess nodules (morphology, change in size) in the thyroid gland. No preparation is required.

Neck U/S:

Apart from assessing the thyroid, it also assesses the salivary glands (parotid and submandibular), as well as swollen neck lymph nodes and palpable lesions in the soft tissue of the area.

Breast U/S:

It is mainly used to further investigate palpable breast lesions (either by a physician or the woman herself), as well as suspect findings arising from a breast screening test. Although a mammogram is the principal method used to prevent breast cancer, in some cases it may not be able to detect it. This happens in women with dense breasts (i.e. women with ample connective tissue and small amount of fat in the breasts). In these cases, a U/S may be used as a supplemental method to a mammography. Additionally, it may be used in the context of a check-up for younger women. No preparation is required prior to the exam.

Scrotum U/S:

It pertains to the assessment of the testicles and the epididymis. Typically, it may be used to investigate a possible mass in the testicle, an inflammation (such as in the epididymis) and possible varicocele (a common cause of male infertility). No preparation is required prior to the exam.

Musculoskeletal system U/S:

It is mainly performed on patients who complain of pain, dysfunction or presence of lesions in their soft tissue and joints. It is currently the only diagnostic approach available for examining the soft tissue in the shoulder, elbow and ankle joint.

Vascular U/S:

It examines the neck arteries (carotid and vertebral), the abdominal aorta, the iliac arteries and veins, as well as the upper and lower limb arteries and veins. In the last few years, the method is increasingly applied for assessment of the visceral vessels (renal arteries, portal vein and hepatic artery, as well as brain arteries). The use of color Doppler assists in accurately determining the extent of stenosis, as well as the presence of an aneurysm in an artery. It may also accurately reveal venous thrombosis in the event of lower limb edema.

Organ biopsies:

Ultrasound may be used for organ biopsies, when other techniques cannot be applied. Ultrasound-guided biopsy may be performed for organs such as the breast, thyroid and prostate. Currently, ultrasound-guided biopsy is considered one of the most reliable diagnostic methods available. It is an invasive exam, so special preparation is required.

The latest ultrasound applications include:

a) Exams using intravenous contrast mediums: The use of intravenous boosters assists in better detecting a disorder, as well as determining its features. It is mainly used to detect and evaluate focal lesions in the liver.

b) Elastography: It assists in assessing the elasticity of a lesion, which is taken into account when assessing all the other features revealed during the U/S. Elastography is currently used on the liver, breast, thyroid and prostate.

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